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October 24, 2017
In Revenue Procedure 2017-58, the IRS sets forth a variety of 2018 adjusted tax limits. Among other things, the notice addresses slightly increased limits for employee contributions toward health flexible spending accounts (FSAs). Therefore, employers who currently offer health FSAs may choose to increase the annual election limit for participants for the 2018 plan year.
Healthcare reform imposed a $2,500 limit on annual salary reduction contributions to health FSAs offered under §125 (Cafeteria) plans, effective for plan years beginning after December 31, 2012. The $2,500 amount is indexed for cost-of-living adjustments. The annual limitation for 2017 was $2,600. The annual limitation has now increased to $2,650 for 2018.
The $2,650 annual limit applies only to the amount that can be deducted pre-tax from an employee’s compensation to make employee contributions through a cafeteria plan. In some circumstances an employee can have a health FSA benefit of greater than $2650, for example:
Employer contributions to an employee’s health FSA are not limited by this rule, and may be made in addition to the $2,650 allowed for employee contributions. However, a health FSA must meet “excepted benefit” status to avoid violating health care reform requirements. To meet excepted benefit status, the health FSA must satisfy the following two conditions:
The full text of Rev. Proc. 2017-58, including 2018 amounts and limitations for other taxes, may be found at https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-drop/rp-17-58.pdf.
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